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Investigating the Methods of Preventing the Crimes against Properties in Cyberspace
Ali Hashempour1; Dr. Hassan Khairi2
Daily increasing tendencies for applying the advanced technologies, including computer and internet, have set the grounding for the emergence of the cybercrimes. Since these crimes occur in the cyberspace and are not tangible like the other crimes, the judicial and disciplinary authorities are faced with novel challenges for preventing and discovering them. In line with this, the objectives of the criminal policies positively influencing the society are actualized when the preventive measures are always given first degree importance. In terms of the spatial precedence, the preventive criminal policies should be placed atop of the criminal-penal policy because it generally prevents criminals from perpetrating crimes thereby ensures the safety of the cyberspace. Preventive criminal policy is an appropriate method of suppressing factors giving rise to crimes and deviance. Preventive criminal policy can be divided to situational and social. Our country has not joined any of the international conventions pertinent to the cybercrimes and according to the extant gaps in the domestic laws, the disciplinary and police forces are practically confronted with problems in preventing and discovering these crimes; however, the police, nowadays, can play an effective role in deterring the aforementioned crimes through its use of modern technologies that it has developed in the area of police-specific software. It is worth mentioning that social prevention plays a more pervasive and more accentuated role than the situational prevention in deterring the financial crime actualization.
Keywords: crimes against properties, cyberspace, prevention methods, thievery, fraudulence